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  1. How Big Is a Half Carat Princess Cut Diamond?

    What Is a Princess Cut Diamond?

    Created in 1981 by Betzalel Ambar and Israel Itskowitz, the princess cut diamond is a modern square modified brilliant cut diamond. A diamond is classified as "modified" by grading labs such as the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) or American Gem Society (AGS) when the diamond's facets are arranged in a non-standard way, and a diamond is classified as "brilliant" when the number (over 57) and pattern of facets reflect light in an exceptionally attractive way. With its unique, mesmerizing facets and contemporary square shape, the princess diamond has superior scintillation; in other words, it really sparkles.

    How Big Is a Half-Carat Princess Cut Diamond?

    Because the princess cut diamond has so many facets, it has a higher yield than rough diamonds with fewer facets, which results in a more affordable stone. This affordability, coupled with the cut's exceptional sparkle, has earned the princess cut diamond a spot among the most popular choices for engagement rings today. A half-carat princess cut solitaire diamond's physical face (that is, the top part seen when the diamond has been set in a ring), measures approximately 4.4 mm by 4.4 mm. For comparison purposes, the physical face would be a little smaller than the area of a standard pencil eraser (5 mm), and each side of the physical face would be a little longer than the height of two nickels stacked on top of each other (4 mm). 

    Is a Half-Carat Princess Cut Diamond Big Enough?

    Ultimately, diamond size comes down to a matter of personal preference. Some may find that a simple, half-carat solitaire princess cut diamond set in a plain band is attractive enough on its own, while some others may want a larger carat size or a halo of other stones around the center to add even more shine to the ring.

    If you're searching for an affordable diamond for your engagement, contact us to learn more about the benefits of choosing a half-carat princess cut diamond.

  2. How To Clean A Ruby Ring

    Rubies are beautiful, durable gems, but even the hardest stones can get dirty sometimes. Here are some tips on how to keep your stunning ruby jewelry looking its best.

    How To Clean A Ruby Ring With Soap and Water

    Rubies can stand up to almost anything, so the basic methods will work well here. To clean minor dust, dirt, and grime, follow these steps:

    1. Put your ruby jewelry in a bowl of warm water and mix in a small amount of dishwashing liquid or soap.
    2. Let the jewelry sit for 15-20 minutes.
    3. Remove and rub carefully with a cloth. A soft-bristled toothbrush is also a good option.

    A soft toothbrush is also ideal for cleaning the settings and body of your jewelry, to make sure that the entire piece continues to shine its best.

    How To Clean A Ruby Ring With Ultrasonic and Steam Cleaning

    Thanks to their durability, rubies can withstand tougher cleaning methods than a simple soap bath. A small ultrasonic cleaner can help remove debris lodged in the cracks between the gem and setting or within the jewelry. Be careful, though: ultrasonic cleaning can loosen some types of settings, so check your gems carefully after using this method to make sure they haven't loosened.

    Steam cleaning can also clean those harder-to-reach areas, but be sure your jewelry doesn't have any other gems that are susceptible to heat and shouldn't be steam cleaned, such as opal and turquoise. Using both steam and ultrasonic cleaners is easy:

    1. Pour clean, clear tap water into the tank of the cleaner.
    2. Add your jewelry to the cleaning basket.
    3. Close the lid of the cleaner and run for 1 to 5 minutes (your cleaner will likely have instructions that include recommended times).
    4. Remove the jewelry and allow it to air-dry for a few minutes.

    Before using ultrasonic or steam cleaning, make sure your ruby isn't fracture-filled or covered in a color-enhancing coating. Both of these methods of enhancing and repairing rubies are less durable than plain rubies and can be damaged by ultrasonic or steam cleaning methods. For rubies altered with these methods, stick to the soap and water method mentioned above.

    Keep Your Ruby Ring Clean By Avoiding Damage And Dirt

    Despite their durability, rubies can still break or chip if hit with enough force. To keep your ruby damage-free, remove your jewelry before engaging in household tasks or vigorous activity. When storing your ruby, keep it in a soft or plastic bag or wrapped in a separate cloth, away from other gems. Rubies can't be scratched by many other stones (one that can is diamonds), but your rubies can easily scratch most other gems.

    The hardness of a ruby can cause foreign debris to accumulate on its surface. To keep your ruby shining longer, try to keep it away from lotions, perfumes, and chemicals that could cloud the surface.

    Use Professional Cleaners To Clean Your Ruby Ring

    Rubies are tough gems, but damage and dirt will inevitably happen. Sometimes, the best decision may be to take your ruby jewelry to a professional cleaner. At Gold & Diamond Source, we have a full in-house repair department that can help with damages that a simple soak won't fix. If your ruby jewelry gets damaged, contact us to learn more.

  3. Are Rubies Good For Engagement Rings?

    Although diamonds may be the default for engagement rings, they're not a requirement. Some people prefer a more colorful stone or want an affordable option. A ruby can offer both.

    Why Rubies Make Good Engagement Rings


    Rubies are more affordable than diamonds and some other precious stones. Even a full-carat ruby may be more affordable than a smaller diamond. Enhancements can further reduce a ruby's price; although, it may also impact a ruby's durability.

    Of course, nothing is more affordable than a free family heirloom. If Grandma's engagement ring was a ruby, there's no reason not to keep the tradition alive. Furthermore, an existing stone may be transformed into an engagement ring. Even those people without heirlooms may consider vintage rubies rather than new gems.


    Because rubies are used less often for engagement rings, a ruby ring will stand out, even if it's not vintage. Furthermore, rubies come in a variety of reds, from deep crimson to nearly pink. This color choice ensures that buyers can find a ruby that is as unique as they are or one that matches their aesthetic. It's also good news for those who prefer a ruby that's more orange or purple because those stones are cheaper.


    One reason why people avoid diamonds is that diamond mining can be dangerous and manipulative to people, and disruptive to the environment. Consumers looking for ethically sourced rubies should consider options from Australia, Greenland, or the United States. However, a ruby's source may impact its color.

    Another option is a lab-created ruby, which is ethical and creates perfect gems, unlike nature. Their lower prices may also allow buyers to purchase a larger stone for their beloveds.


    Diamonds aren't the only durable gem around. Rubies hold up well in any setting, including pressure settings. This opens up options for truly original ruby engagement rings!

    When Rubies Don't Make Good Engagement Rings

    Natural stones are naturally flawed. While it's easy to find a near-perfect diamond, the same cannot be said for rubies. Any stone above one carat will likely display one of the following flaws that gemstone cutters will attempt to work around.

    • Color zoning - where different patches of colors are visible in the ruby.
    • Windowing - when the cut is too shallow, and the color is distributed poorly. 
    • Extinction - darker areas covering more than 25% of the stone
    • Inclusions - defined dark spots
    • Lack of symmetry

    Aside from that, rubies without clarity or transparency are generally less desirable for engagement rings.

    Ready to find your perfect ruby? Contact us today.

    After finding the perfect rubies, shoppers may consider framing them with smaller diamond accents or setting the band with diamonds for a more traditional or complimentary touch. However, a ruby solitaire can make a breathtaking ring on its own!

  4. How To Clean A Sapphire Ring

    Sapphires are a popular and beautiful gemstone. When you invest your money in a piece of sapphire jewelry, you will want to keep it looking its best. If you look down and notice that your ring has gotten a bit grimy and has accumulated some dust, you might be wondering how to clean it without causing damage. Below we will discuss how to clean it and what to avoid.

    How To Clean Your Sapphire Ring

    The best way to clean a sapphire ring is to put it into a bowl of water with mild soap and use a soft-bristled toothbrush to gently clean any residue off. This method of cleaning your jewelry is the safest method and least likely to result in damage to your gemstones or setting.

    Avoid Abrasive Cleaners

    Do not use harsh chemicals or abrasives to clean your ring. When you are cleaning your sapphire jewelry, you want to be very careful not to damage the setting. Because sapphire is so hard, it is unlikely that it will get scratched by your choice of cleaner, but the setting is still susceptible to damage by materials that are too rough. It is best to stick to soap and water.

    Avoid Jewelry Rubbing Together

    It is also important that you keep your jewelry separated when cleaning it. Avoid dropping all of your jewelry into the same bowl for cleaning. Sapphires and diamonds are the hardest gemstones, and if they unintentionally bump against other jewelry, it could very easily result in scratches or damage to softer precious gems.

    Professional Cleaning

    It is recommended to have your jewelry professionally cleaned at least once per year. A jeweler will use one of two methods to clean your jewelry. The first method is an ultrasonic jewelry cleaner in which your ring will be submerged in water and the ultrasonic waves will remove any dirt or grime. The second method is using steam to clean your ring. The jeweler will evaluate your piece of jewelry and determine which method will work best for your gemstone.

    Visit Gold And Diamond Source to learn more about our fine jewelry.

  5. How to Find a Lost Diamond Ring in Your House

    It can be terrifying when you realize your diamond ring is nowhere to be found. With some patience, you can find your diamond ring. The general rule when you want to find lost things is to slow down, retrace your steps, and think of the last time you had the item. That could be an excellent starting point. However, if that doesn't work, here are some insights we believe will help.

    The Best Ways To Find A Diamond Ring

    Use A Fluorescence Light

    Nothing helps you find your diamonds more quickly than fluorescence. The fluorescence gives a luminescence color when you place it under ultraviolet light. It can be invisible, which is why you need to use black light in a dark room to make the effect stand out. For instance, if your diamond has blue fluorescence, it exhibits a blue glow under black light. It will be easier to locate it from its surroundings.

    Use Your Hands And Feet

    Diamonds are one of the hardest stones. You can, therefore, feel them with your hands and feet. If you have an idea where your diamond might be, you can use your bare hands and feet to feel around. The trick is helpful when you have a thick carpet because your diamond could be nestled in the fibers. 

    Start Searching Where You Thought You Lost It

    If you have an idea where you lost your diamond ring, start your search from there. Diamonds don't bounce but they can transfer to a nearby area because of their uneven shape. Focus your search on nearby areas where it could have rolled.

    Use Grease

    Diamonds are grease magnets which make them hard to clean. However, grease can be an advantage when you have lost your precious jewelry. If you lost it in the sink, it could not have gone far. Look for your diamond ring around the drain. It could just be hanging out of sight. You can also apply grease on a piece of cloth and wipe it around the area you think your diamond ring is. 

    Check Your Purse

    One place you should always look when you lose your diamond is your purse. Diamonds are small and can hide in the folds of your purse. Start with hidden crevices and proceed to the bigger areas. Pull every item onto a flat table and check the crevices.

    If you have tried your best to find your diamond ring without any luck, you can buy another one. Contact us and we will help you get the perfect fit. 


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